Top 10 Smallest Countries in the World

There are more than 200 countries in the world. Among these nearly 30 nations have an area of 1000 square kilometers or below. Though they are small in area with less number of inhabitants, these places have never failed in attracting tourists by their scenic beauty or historic importance. Start discovering the world nations by checking out our list of top 10 smallest countries in the world.


Area: 0.44 square kilometers

‘The Holy See’ covers only less than 100 acres of land surrounded by Rome and is the most smallest country in the world. The famous Catholic Church is found here and the state is governed by the Bishop of rome.World’s shortest railway route is present here with a length of 1.27Kms. It was only in 1870 after Italy Unification Vatican became an independent nation.

2. Monaco

Area: 2 square kilometers

Monaco is located in Western Europe. The nation has only one municipality making Monaco both an independent nation and also a city. The country demands no income tax due to its high income from the most popular Monte Carlo casino. This also makes Monaco one of the richest nations of the world.

3. Nauru

Area: 21 square kilometers

The great phosphate rock island is the second least populated nation with 9K inhabitants. The economy of Nauru is mainly based on phosphate mining, offshore banking and coconut products. The white-sandy beaches with beautiful coral reefs attracts more tourists every year.

4. Tuvalu

Area: 26 square kilometers

Tuvalu is a small nation location in Western Pacific comprising of four islands and five atolls. The islands are said to be vulnerable to sea level rise since the the highest peak in the nation is only 4.5 metres above sea level. Beautiful beaches in Tuvalu with pleasant climate make it a fine destination for snorkeling.  

5. San Marino

Area: 61 square kilometers

San Marino is the third smallest country in Europe entirely surrounded by Italy having a population of 30000. The nation has 9 municipalities and is considered as one of the richest nations of the world based on GDP. Tourism and textiles are the key industries in San Marino.

6. Liechtenstein

 Area: 160 square kilometers

Liechtenstein is located between Switzerland and Austria with a population of 37K. The country is known for winter sports and holds the pride of being the only country entirely located in Apls. German is the official language of the nation.

7. Marshal Islands

Area: 181 square kilometers

Marshal islands comprises of thousands of islets connected together by coral atolls. 

US-Dollar is the official currency and the people here speak English and Marshallese. Handicrafts, fish processing and tourism form the major industries here. This place is considered as the best destination for scuba diving.

8. Saint Kitts and Nevis

Area: 261 square kilometers

These are two islands in Caribbean Sea found by Christopher Columbus in 1498. The islands were later occupied by British in the 16th century and gained independence in 1983. Tourism and Sugar Cultivation seems to be the main sources of economic contribution to the country.

9. Maldives

Area: 298 square kilometers

Maldives is a group of about 1090 islands located in the Indian Ocean. Maldives has less population and is known for its beaches. The country is only 1.5 metres above sea level. The rich marine life, white sand and coral reefs has made the country a good tourist destination.

10. Malta

Area: 316 square kilometers

Malta is one of the seven islands in the Mediterranean Sea. The country is known for its prehistoric monuments and has gained tourism through its historic importance. The country is not only small but also one of the densely populated countries with a population of nearly 450K. 

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